Total Thermoelectric Freshwater Withdrawls, 2000
Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Map Description:
The geographic distribution of total, total freshwater, and total saline-water withdrawals for thermoelectric power. The largest total water withdrawals were in Texas, where both freshwater and saline water were utilized for cooling purposes. Illinois, Texas, and Tennessee combined accounted for 22 percent of total freshwater withdrawals. California and Florida accounted for 41 percent of saline surface-water withdrawals. Freshwater and saline-water withdrawals in the eastern States were 83 percent of total water withdrawals. This pattern of withdrawals exists partly because the power-production infrastructure was established in the eastern States to take advantage of the plentiful water supply in the Great Lakes, along major rivers, and along the coast in order to meet electricity demand from large urban and industrial centers.

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